About this Post: Wherever I travel to any new place, I always read about its history and culture. I am always very keen to know about the place am heading to. It’s because I want to get familiarize with the place and the people. I want to feel like home. Therefore, this time I thought I should share my searching with you all. So, here is the Brief History about Mumbai.
Mumbai has very rich past and every mumbaikar is very much passionate about it and its heritage. Mumbai (Previously known as Bombay) is home to more than 10 million people coming from different part of country in search of work. Therefore, it is a multi-cultural city and it also called as City of Dreams. Everyday thousands of people come to the city to become the part of the countries entertainment industry as it is a hub of India’s entertainment city.
History Of Mumbai:
Mumbai is built over seven islands separates by swamps i.e. Colaba, Mazagaon, Mahim, Parel, Bombay Island, worli and Old woman’s island. The island was part of Magadha Empire and later it belongs to silhara family. Later, It was colonized by number of different rulers.
How the name Bombay came in existence?
After Hindu rule, Portuguese in 1543 A.D captured the islands and establish Trading factories there. They called the place “Bom Bahia” meaning “The Good Bay” which in English is pronounced as “BOMBAY”.
They first came as raiders, burned many buildings and destroyed Portuguese ships. Later, In 1662 King Charles II of England marries Catherine of Braganza and got Bombay(Portuguese territory) as a part of gift. But he persuaded East India Company to rent them for some pounds of gold in a year. Within few years under the rule of Governer Augnier, City has shown some massive progress. During this time many construction activities took place like causways to link islands, building program, church, hospitals, forts and castle and many more. Later, Company build up a fleet called The Bombay Marine to protect the city from marine attacks and establish trading via sea. Eventually, The Bombay Marine becomes the Indian Navy.
In 1853, the first Indian railway opened between Bombay to Thane. Post-Independence, Bollywood produces it first color film and also In 1960, Bombay become the Capital of Maharashtra. It was the evolution of Bollywood. The city changed its name in 1995 to Mumbai, after Mumbadevi, the stone goddess of the deep-sea fishermen who originally lived on the islands before they were driven out by the East India Company.
Today, Mumbai is the Business capital city and is one of the largest cities of country. It is also the fourth most populous city in the world.
Next, why everything in Mumbai symbolizes Shivaji?
Why Shivaji is so important?
We all Indians must have read about Chhatrapati Shivaji in our primary classes. How brave and Sensible ruler was he in History of India. He is the founder of Maratha Kingdom. He fought against Muslim rulers to establish ‘Hindavi Swarajya’. Therefore, Marathi people are very passionate about him. They believe that for Maharashtra 17th and 18th centuries were the golden ages.
Politics played the very major role in the fall of symbolism and tokenism of Shivaji in the state. There was a political movement name as ‘Samyukta Maharashtra Movement’, when Nehru denied the formation of Maharashtra on the basis of language. During this Movement, many Marathi leaders made speeches in which they exaggerate the historical deeds of Shivaji and created the sense of pride which united the people and led to the formation of Maharashtra. From then, there were many movements in which the legacy continues and Maharashtrian are very proud of this.
This is why Symbol of Shivaji can be seen everywhere in Mumbai and Maharashtra, from Airport to bus and railway terminus.
I hope you all like reading about the History of Mumbai. Please, Share your comments in the below comment box. Keep Reading!!